The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
October 3rd is celebrated as German Unity Day to honor the reunification of Germany after a half a century of separation which began with the fall of the Third Reich at the conclusion of the Second World War, and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union. On October 3rd, 1990 Germany was officially reunited after 45 years of separation.
The Berlin Wall, also known as the Iron Curtain, was erected in 1961 and demolished in 1989. Throughout its existence it became a symbol of not only separation of the Eastern Bloc from the West, but also of oppression, subjugation, and fear.
fot: Robert Lacke (top two photos), Guy Le Querrec (middle), Raymond Depardon (second from bottom), and Anthony Suau (bottom)
Edit: For clarification purposes, since this has been kindly brought up by another blogger, the Iron Curtain was not specifically designated to describe only the Berlin Wall, but overall exemplified the Soviet-forced division between the Eastern Bloc and the West. The boundary was a two-fold separation, both through physical and ideological means. To many the Berlin Wall is one of the most well-known tangible examples of the divide which existed among European nations. It has always symbolized the seemingly impenetrable hurdle over which Europe could not get over for nearly half a century. The Wall in the eyes of many was the most astute materialization of the Iron Curtain Europe possessed, and has widely been referred to as the Iron Curtain.